Tyāgarāja

(4 May 1767, Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India – 6 January 1847, Truvaiyaru, Tamil Nadu)
   Widely regarded as the most important composer of Karnatic music, he studied for 20 years with Sonti Vēnkataramana beginning in 1782, traveled widely, and taught many disciples including Vīnā Kuppayyar who transmitted many of his compositions through notation. Most modern Karnatic composers claim some disciple relation with Tyāgarāja. He is credited with developing a kind of composed variation within the three-part form of the kriti. His more than 700 compositions were renowned for their emotional content.
   See also Bhajan; Kirtana; Tānsen.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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